Fermilab colloquium calendar archive 2023

  Appropriate for physicists     Appropriate for all lab staff and members of the public
Raw date Event date Title Speakers Host Summary Links
20230104 Jan. 4, 2023 No colloquium
20230111 Jan. 11, 2023
Space Observatories for the Highest Energy Cosmic Particles: POEMMA & EUSO-SPB
Angela V Olinto, University of Chicago Chris Stoughton What are the mysterious sources of the most energetic particles ever observed? What astrophysical sources produce very energetic neutrinos? How do particles interact at extreme energies? Building on the progress achieved by the ground-based observations we are developing space and sub-orbital missions to answer these questions. The Extreme Universe Space Observatory (EUSO) on a super pressure balloon (SPB) is designed to detect ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) from above. EUSO-SPB1 flew in 2017 with a fluorescence telescope. Buit to observe both fluorescence and Cherenkov from UHECRs and neutrinos, EUSO-SPB2 is on its way to Wanaka, New Zealand for launch in April 2023. These sub-orbital missions lead to POEMMA (the Probe Of Extreme Multi-Messenger Astrophysics) a space mission designed to discover the sources of UHECRs and to observe neutrinos above tens of PeV from energetic transient events. POEMMA will open new Multi-Messenger windows onto the most energetic events in the Universe, enabling the study of new astrophysics and particle physics at these extreme energies. Video
20230118 Jan. 18, 2023
Postponed/no colloquium
Adam Anderson, Fermilab Chris Stoughton Measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) have been fundamental in establishing the cosmological standard model, ΛCDM, which describes the evolution of the universe from the earliest moments to the present day. Upcoming measurements with increasingly powerful cameras are now poised to search for physics beyond the standard model, including new particles that could leave an imprint in the pattern of the CMB. I will review the physics we can learn from these new CMB surveys and present the upcoming CMB-S4 project to which Fermilab is a major contributor.
20230125 Jan. 25, 2023 Accelerator Directorate's Robotics Initiative Mayling Wong-Squires, Fermilab Chris Stoughton The mission of the Accelerator Directorate’s (AD) Robotics Initiative is to develop and operate robotic platforms to enhance personnel safety and increase efficiency of accelerator operations. The use of robots in accelerator enclosures and near targets can empower personnel to accomplish tasks too hazardous or difficult for humans alone.  We are a multi-disciplinary team with widely-ranging expertise and experience from different AD departments and other parts of the lab. We routinely support summer interns through Fermilab’s internship programs and collaborate with university students.  We present recent accomplishments and current projects. Video
20230201 Feb. 1, 2023
Using anti-Neutrinos for precision measurements on free protons at MINERvA
Tejin Cai, University of Rochester and York University Chris Stoughton Antineutrino scattering on free protons (or neutrino scattering off free neutrons) gives a unique measurement of neutron and proton structure and is a building block for predicting neutrino scattering on more complex nuclei.  Previous measurements have had to rely on scattering neutrinos off deuterium and then correct for nuclear effects, or use low intensity anti-neutrino beams. In this talk MINERvA will present the first high statistics cross section measurement of the charged current elastic process νμp → μ+n using the plastic scintillator (CH). The carbon background is significantly reduced and constrained with minimal model dependency using the kinematics of the reconstructed neutrons.  The result can be directly compared with lattice QCD computations, and to electron scattering off free protons Video
20230208 Feb. 8, 2023
The Edge of Tomorrow: Real-time Artificial Intelligence for Science
Nhan Tran, Fermilab Chris Stoughton Pursuing answers to fundamental questions about our nature requires searches for the ultra-rare, very subtle, and the inspection of nature at extremely fine spatial and temporal scales. Cutting-edge experiments are often confronted with massive amounts of very rich data on which Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques provide powerful insights. To accelerate scientific discovery, enabling powerful AI algorithms across the data processing continuum, as close to sensor front-ends as possible, is becoming increasingly valuable. To deploy AI in these challenging scientific environments, we require robust and efficient learning and usable and accessible tool flows for optimized training and implementation across a broad range of scientific domains. This talk will introduce the motivations and requirements for real-time AI applications for physics and connections to broader science and industry applications, the development of modern techniques for deploying them into our experiments, and open research questions and challenges. Video
20230215 Feb. 15, 2023
Exploring the Universe with Cosmic Surveys
Alex Drlica-Wagner, Fermilab Chris Stoughton Cosmic surveys use observations of stars and galaxies to help ascertain the fundamental laws that govern the Universe. Over the last several decades, cosmic surveys using large optical and near-infrared telescopes, advanced digital cameras, and intricate spectroscopic instruments have revolutionized our understanding of the Universe. Measurements of the cosmic expansion history and the growth of cosmic structure have been shown to be sensitive to physics beyond the Standard Model, including the nature of dark energy, the properties of dark matter, the mass of neutrinos, and the initial conditions of the Universe (e.g., inflation). I will summarize some recent results from cosmic surveys and discuss the exciting future on the horizon. Video
20230222 Feb. 22, 2023
LBNF/DUNE: the Science, the Experiment, the Facility
Sam Zeller, Fermilab Fermilab and the worldwide particle physics community are in the process of launching the most ambitious and exciting accelerator-based neutrino program in the world. The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) enabled by the Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF) is the flagship neutrino program in the U.S. that is bringing the world together to perform cutting edge neutrino physics. LBNF/DUNE will include intense wideband beams of neutrinos and antineutrinos, massive liquid argon detectors positioned 800 miles away and a mile underground in South Dakota, as well as innovative near detectors that will precisely characterize the neutrinos closer to their source at Fermilab. Nothing quite like this exists any place else in the world. This talk will provide an overview and status of this endeavor with a focus on the physics we hope to uncover and the technological advances making this possible.
20230301 March 1, 2023
The Engineering & Commissioning of the James Webb Space Telescope
Charlie Atkinson, Northrop Grumman Chris Stoughton “The Engineering & Commissioning of the James Webb Space Telescope” will describe the history of JWST from the very early days, all the way through final integration and test, launch, and commissioning and will provide the viewers with insight into what it took to put the Observatory together. Video
20230308 March 8, 2023
Science at Jefferson Laboratory: The amazing world of quarks and gluons
David Dean, Jefferson Lab Chris Stoughton Nuclei make up 99% of the mass in the visible universe, and all but the lightest nuclei are produced in cataclysmic stellar events such as supernova explosions and neutron star mergers. Every proton (and neutron) within all nuclei is governed by QCD, the theory of quarks, gluons, and their interactions. Understanding the amazing world inside... More » Video
20230315 March 15, 2023
Energy Research at Idaho National Laboratory: Nuclear energy and integrated energy systems for the nation’s low-carbon energy future
Marianne Walck, Idaho National Lab Chris Stoughton As the nation moves toward a new paradigm for the low-carbon energy system of the future, the role of nuclear energy is at a turning point.  The future system requires an integrated approach that uses all available sources to produce electricity, fuels, and heat for the full spectrum of applications, including commercial uses, buildings, and... More » Video
20230322 March 22, 2023 Open
20230329 March 29, 2023
Probing Fundamental Physics with the Cosmic Microwave Background and CMB-S4
Adam Anderson, Fermilab Chris Stoughton Measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) have been fundamental in establishing the cosmological standard model, ΛCDM, which describes the evolution of the universe from the earliest moments to the present day. Upcoming measurements with increasingly powerful cameras are now poised to search for physics beyond the standard model, including new particles that could leave... More » Video
20230405 April 5, 2023 Open
20230412 April 12, 2023
The Dark Cube: Hunting for lost German WWII Uranium
Tim Koeth, University of Maryland Rick Tesarek The Manhattan Project was spurred by the fear that Germany was building their own nuclear weapons and Allied anxiety continuously pondered the Nazi atomic progress. General Groves commissioned the military and scientific intelligence mission code-named Alsos, which uncovered that indeed the Germans had a two-year lead on the American nuclear program. In April 1945, in... More » Video
20230419 April 19, 2023
The Science of SLAC
JoAnne Hewett, SLAC Dan Hooper SLAC is a vibrant multi-purpose laboratory with national leadership in selected high energy physics programs.  I will survey the principal programs of the SLAC science frontiers, including upgrades to the Linear Coherent Light Source which employs cryomodules fabricated at  Fermilab, and I will review the SLAC HEP program in more detail. Video
20230426 April 26, 2023 No colloquium
20230503 May 3, 2023
Major R&D Thrusts at the National Energy Technology Lab
David Miller, National Energy Technology Laboratory Chris Stoughton For over a century, the National Energy Technology Laboratory has been a world-class center of innovation with global impact across the energy sector and beyond. Today, NETL continues to address critical energy, infrastructure, and manufacturing challenges by accelerating cutting-edge technology solutions to achieve the government’s net zero carbon emissions goals for 2035 and 2050. NETL works closely with the Office of Fossil Energy and Carbon Management to implement DOE programs resulting in a broad intramural and extramural research and development portfolio focused on carbon management and resource sustainability. This presentation will provide an overview of the laboratory and our unique role within the national laboratory ecosystem. Recent activities in two growing areas – carbon dioxide removal and critical minerals – are highlighted to demonstrate the lab’s capabilities and collaborations with industry, universities, and other national laboratories.
20230510 May 10, 2023
The Road Towards an African Light Source
Sekazi Mtingwa, IUPAP C13 Commission on Physics for Development Chris Stoughton Africa is the only habitable continent without a synchrotron light source. In this presentation, we will describe the history of synchrotron light source usage by African researchers and the 20-year effort to bring a multinational synchrotron facility to the African continent. We will highlight two major efforts. The first is LAAAMP (Lightsources for Africa, the Americas, Asia, Middle East and Pacific), whose goal is to enhance advanced light source and crystallographic sciences in developing countries. The second is the African Light Source Conceptual Design Report, which is due to be completed by June 2023. Finally, we will report on a new initiative to bring a multinational synchrotron light source to the Greater Caribbean Region.
20230517 May 17, 2023
From ALPs to 'ZILLAS: Discovering Dark Matter In Novel Laboratories
Gordan Krnjaic, Fermilab Chris Stoughton Although the astrophysical evidence for the existence of dark matter is overwhelming, its microscopic properties remain elusive, despite decades of dedicated searches for the dominant weakly-interacting massive particle (WIMP) paradigm. In light of this experimental situation, there has recently been a surge of activity to broaden the search program by utilizing previously overlooked strategies, which... More » Video
20230524 May 24, 2023
CP-Violation or Nuclear Excitation: The crucial role of neutrino-nucleus interaction modelling in neutrino oscillation measurements
Stephen Joseph Dolan, CERN Chris Stoughton Accelerator-based neutrino oscillation experiments have the potential to revolutionise our understanding of fundamental physics, offering an opportunity to characterise charge-parity violation in the lepton section, to determine the neutrino mass ordering and to explore the possibility of physics beyond three-flavour neutrino mixing. However, as more data is collected the current and next-generation of experiments will... More » Video
20230531 May 31, 2023 Open
20230607 June 7, 2023
Ames National Laboratory: Delivering Critical Material Solutions for the Nation
James Morris, Ames National Laboratory Chris Stoughton For over 75 years, Ames National Laboratory has been delivering critical material solutions for the nation. From its start in the Manhattan project to today, Ames has used its foundational materials and chemical sciences, and translated that into practice. This talk will provide an overview of current research activities, grounded in fundamental science, and how... More »
20230614 June 14, 2023 No colloquium
20230621 June 21, 2023
Overview of research highlights, growth, and diversification at PPPL
Jonathan E. Menard, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Chris Stoughton The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) is pursuing three complementary research missions: (1) Developing the scientific knowledge and advanced engineering to enable fusion power, (2) Advancing the science of nanoscale fabrication and sustainable manufacturing, and (3) Furthering the development of the scientific understanding of the plasma universe, from laboratory to astrophysical scales. For Mission 1,... More » Video
20230628 June 28, 2023 No colloquium
20230705 July 5, 2023 No colloquium
20230712 July 12, 2023
The Bird Conservation Network
Eric Secker & Bob Fisher, Bird Conservation Network Donna Kubik & Chris Stoughton The Chicago region is a stronghold for breeding birds, representing an impressive green space that is of global importance for key avian species and notable for a metropolitan area. At the same time, many species face declines as a result of habitat loss and degradation, pesticide use, invasive species, climate change, and other threats. These... More » Video
20230719 July 19, 2023
Towards coherent synchrotron x-ray sources: the Upgrade of the Advanced Photon Source and Beyond
John Byrd, Argonne Chris Stoughton Synchrotron light sources are now transitioning to 4th generation storage rings with several new sources and upgrades of existing facilities around the world with the goal of decreasing the electron beam emittance, increasing the x-ray beam brightness and increasing the coherence of the x-ray beam with the goal of transforming x-ray science. The $815B Upgrade... More » Video
20230726 July 26, 2023 Open
20230802 Aug. 2, 2023
Breaking the Quantum Double-Slit Experiment to Peer Deep Within Atomic Nuclei
Daniel James Brandenburg, Ohio State University Victor E Scarpine ameThe quantum double-slit experiment is a powerful demonstration of the wave-particle duality of electrons, photons, and other quantum objects. When a single electron is shot through a double-slit, its wave-like nature leads to an interference pattern caused by the ‘particle’ traveling through both slits at once. However, quantum mechanics tells us that interference takes place... More » Video
20230809 Aug. 9, 2023
Cancelled
Chris Stoughton/Minerba Betancourt
20230816 Aug. 16, 2023
Phenomenology with Massive Neutrinos in 2023
Maria Conception Gonzalez Garcia, Stony Brook University Chris Stoughton/Minerba Betancourt Neutrino oscillation experiments have provided us with our only direct proof of physics beyond the standard model in the form of lepton flavour violation in neutrino propagation due to neutrino masses and flavour mixing in the leptonic sector.  In this talk I will briefly review the present status of neutrino masses and mixing in the... More » Video
20230823 Aug. 23, 2023 Open
20230830 Aug. 30, 2023 Open
20230906 Sept. 6, 2023 Open
20230913 Sept. 13, 2023 Open
20230920 Sept. 20, 2023
Excitement and Challenges in Nuclear Structure: Science of Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (a 30,000-foot view)
Witold Nazarewicz, Michigan State University Chris Stoughton The Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) at Michigan State University is a world-class research, teaching and training center, hosting what is designed to be the most powerful rare isotope accelerator. FRIB will be essential for gaining access to key regions of the nuclear chart, where the measured nuclear properties will challenge established concepts. The... More » Video
20230927 Sept. 27, 2023 No colloquium
20231004 Oct. 4, 2023 Open
20231011 Oct. 11, 2023
Thinking about Agriculture while Thinking like a Physicist
Chrstopher Fasano, Monmouth College Chris Stoughton Farmers and their modern machinery collect prodigious amounts of data. Thinking about agriculture and agricultural data like a physicist is an unusual but very fruitful way of approaching the complex problems of helping farmers maximize their profits and production while managing their environmental impact.  The techniques that physicists regularly use for a wide range of... More » Video
20231018 Oct. 18, 2023
From the Nuclear Mill" to the Large Hadron Collider and Beyond
Chris Quigg, Fermilab Chris Stoughton A richly illustrated tour of a century of high-energy collisions featuring people, ideas, and stories, free of dense equations and impenetrable jargon. Video
20231025 Oct. 25, 2023 Open
20231101 Nov. 1, 2023
Patience is a virtue: The 15-year NANOGrav Gravitational Wave Results
Scott Ransom, National Radio Astronomy Observatory - University of Virginia Chris Stoughton Earlier this summer, the pulsar timing array community announced strong evidence for the presence of a stochastic background of nanoHertz frequency gravitational waves. This has been the primary goal of the community for the past two decades, and it took thousands of hours of telescope time, over 500,000 pulse arrival times from ~70 millisecond pulsars,... More » Video
20231108 Nov. 8, 2023 Open
20231115 Nov. 15, 2023 Open Chris Stoughton
20231122 Nov. 22, 2023 No colloquium
20231129 Nov. 29, 2023 Open
20231206 Dec. 6, 2023 No colloquium
20231213 Dec. 13, 2023
Science & Symphony Films
Jose Francisco Salgado, KV265 Mike Albrow Since 2006 José Francisco Salgado (BS in Physics, Univ. of Puerto Rico; PhD in Astronomy, Univ. of Michigan) has been collaborating with orchestras, chamber musicians, and composers to present original science films that provoke curiosity and a sense of wonder about Earth and the Universe. The films are meticulously edited to accompany orchestral works and feature scientific visualizations, space probe images, historical documents, and Salgado’s photography of natural phenomena. The success of the first two films led to the formation of KV 265, a non-profit organization whose mission is the communication of science through the arts. To date, these Science & Symphony films have been presented in 257 concerts and 185 talks reaching a combined audience of 480,000 people in more than 100 cities spanning all continents. In this presentation, Salgado will talk about KV 265’s mission and the creative process of making these Science & Symphony films. Video
20231220 Dec. 20, 2023 No colloquium
20231227 Dec. 27, 2023 No colloquium
20240110 Jan. 10, 2024 Open
20240117 Jan. 17, 2024 Open
20240124 Jan. 24, 2024
Generation, Detection and Application of Twisted Waves of Light and Neutrons
Charles Clark, Joint Quantum Institute, National Institute of Standards and Technology and University of Maryland Doğa M. Kürkçüoğlu Dislocations in wave trains were manifest in the 1830s studies of ocean tides by William Whewell, who discovered “amphidromic points” in the sea, where there is no tidal motion. John Nye and Michael Berry’s 1970s investigations, of fine structure in radio echoes from the bottom of the Antarctic ice sheet, revealed wavefront dislocation as a generic phenomenon. It became a broad field of science in the 1990s, when “orbital angular momentum states” of light were produced, followed by similar realizations in beams of atoms, molecules. x-rays, electrons and neutrons. Robert R. Wilson's “Tractricious” sculpture at Fermilab provides a good framework for visualizing the unity of these phenomena. Video
20240131 Jan. 31, 2024 Open
20240207 Feb. 7, 2024
Muon Colliders –The hard part
Robert B Palmer, BNL (Emeritus} Diktys Stratakis If you can build a Muon Collider and do physics with it, that is great. But can you? Much of what is needed has been simulated on paper but still requires a lot of engineering and demonstration to know if they are buildable. For a few parts, like the final stages of emittance cooling, we do not even have even a paper solution. I will discuss this and other challenges. What sort of effort is needed? Video
20240214 Feb. 14, 2024
Quantum computing with neutral ytterbium atoms
Jeff Thompson, Princeton University Chris Stoughton Neutral atom quantum computing is a rapidly developing field. Exploring new atomic species, such as alkaline earth atoms, provides additional opportunities for cooling and trapping, measurement, qubit manipulation, high-fidelity gates and quantum error correction. In this talk, I will present recent results from our group on implementing high-fidelity gates on nuclear spins encoded in metastable 171Yb atoms, including mid-circuit detection of gate errors that give rise to leakage out of the qubit space, using erasure conversion. I will conclude by discussing ongoing experiments on quantum error correction and reaching very high gate fidelities, and the important role of real-time FPGA control electronics developed by Fermilab in reaching these goals.
20240221 Feb. 21, 2024 Open
20240228 Feb. 28, 2024 Open